Monday, 07 January 2013
Highlights of the 2011 Stock Estimate of Filipinos Overseas
The Stock Estimate of Filipinos Overseas is the aggregate of all Philippine-born Filipinos, residing or working overseas. It provides a snapshot of the number of Filipinos overseas at any given time taking into consideration migrant flows. It categorizes overseas Filipinos into permanent, temporary and irregular migrants.
Permanent migrants include immigrants, dual citizens or legal permanent residents abroad, whose stay do not depend on work contracts.
Temporary migrants, on the other hand, are those whose stay overseas is employment-related and who are expected to return to the Philippines at the end of their work contracts. Although most temporary migrants are overseas Filipino workers (OFWs), they also include students, trainees, entrepreneurs, businessmen and their accompanying dependents, whose stay abroad is six months or more.
Irregular migrants are those not properly documented, without valid residence or work permits, or who are overstaying in a foreign country.
The term "Overseas Filipinos" (OFs) refers to "migrant workers, other Filipino nationals and their dependents abroad". This is consistent with the expanded definition of "overseas Filipinos" in Republic Act 10022 of 2010 amending the Migrant Workers and Overseas Filipinos Act and its implementing rules.
The following are the highlights of the 2011 Stock Estimate:
The International Organization for Migration (IOM)'s report on ''Health in the Post-2015 Development Agenda'' cited that there are approximately 215 million international migrants as of 2011. About 5% of this number or 10.46 million are overseas Filipinos in about 217 countries and territories.
In 2011, the permanent migrants (47% or 4.86 million) comprise the largest category of overseas Filipinos, followed closely by temporary migrants (43% or 4.51 million). The irregular migrants (10% or 1.07 million) constitute the smallest category (See Figure 1). Compared with last year's data, the number of permanent, temporary, and irregular migrants increased by 10%, 4.36% and 52%, respectively.
Irregular migrants could be found mainly in the United States, Malaysia, and Singapore. The large increase of irregular migrants in 2011 can mainly be traced to Malaysia’s 124% increase of irregular migrants from 200,000 in 2010 to 447,590 in 2011; and United States’ 67% increase from 156,000 in 2010 to 260,000 in 2011.
Compared with the 2001 data, the number of permanent and temporary migrants increased by 78% and 48%, respectively while irregular migrants decreased by 34%.
The top 10 destination countries of Filipinos are US (33%), Saudi Arabia (15%), Canada (8%), UAE (7%), Malaysia (5%), Australia (4%),Qatar (3%), Japan (2%), United Kingdom (2%), Kuwait (2%). (See Figure 2). Except for Qatar, all of these countries were also last year’s top destination countries.
The breakdown of Filipino overseas by continent/region: Americas, Trust Territories- 4,326,059 or 41% ; Asia, West- 2,987,823 or 29%; Asia, East and South- 1,449, 373 or 14% ; Europe- 808, 779 or 8%; Oceania- 451,042 or 4% and Africa- 63,508 or 1%. The remaining 3% are sea-based workers who understandably do not reside in one country.
The number of Filipinos in Japan decreased by 69,476 or 24% mainly because of the natural calamities (earthquake and tsunami) which affected the country in March 2011.
There was a 90% decrease in the number of Filipino’s in Libya, from 27,349 to 2,724 and a 79% decrease of temporary migrants in Syria from 13,869 to 2,890 mainly because of the Arab Spring.